How to scale, shear, and distort objects in Illustrator

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Undo, Ctrl + Z · Command + Z ; Redo, Shift + Ctrl + Z · Shift + Command + Z ; Cut, Ctrl + X · Command + X ; Copy, Ctrl + C · Command + C. Learn about scaling, shearing, and distorting objects using various tools and commands in Adobe Illustrator.


Adobe illustrator cs4 undo free download


This manual is available in the following languages: English. Do you have a question about the Adobe Illustrator CS6 or do you need help? Ask your question here. Do you have a question about the Adobe Illustrator CS6 and the answer is not in the manual? Provide a clear and comprehensive description of the problem and your question. Use Pressure Pen. Uses the input from a tablet or pen instead of the Intensity value.

Complexity Scallop, Crystallize, and Wrinkle tools. This is closely tied with the Detail value. Simplify Warp, Twirl, Pucker, and Bloat tools. Specifies how much you want to reduce the superfluous points that do not measurably affect the overall appearance of the shape. Twirl Rate Twirl tool only. Specifies the rate at which the twirl is applied.

Negative values twirl the object clockwise and positive values twirl counterclockwise. Horizontal and Vertical Wrinkle tool only. Puppet Warp lets you twist and distort parts of your artwork, such that the transformations appear natural. You can add, move, and rotate pins to seamlessly transform your artwork into different variations using the Puppet Warp tool in Illustrator. To learn how to distort your artwork using the Puppet Warp tool, see Puppet Warp. Legal Notices Online Privacy Policy.

Buy now. User Guide Cancel. Scale objects. Scale objects with the Scale tool. Select one or more objects. Select the Scale tool. Use the Links panel to access various options to monitor, modify, or update the files available on your Illustrator document. Use the Links panel to determine if the file is linked or embedded or change its status. Missing Link B.

Linked C. Update Available D. Show Link Info B. Relink from CC Libraries C. Relink D. Go To Link E. Update Link F. N Rectangle Used to draw primitive shapes such as rectangles, rounded rectangles, ellipses, polygons, stars, and flares. See Chapter 5. N Scale Used to scale a selected object. N Warp Used to warp transform a selected object. See Chapter 2. N Slice Used to cut selected artwork into slices prior to optimizing graphics for the Web.

See Chapters 3 and Stroke and Fill Tools N Used to specify the stroke and fill color for any selected object or path. You can toggle the active status of the Fill and Stroke icons by pressing the X key on your keyboard. N Fill To specify the fill color of a selected object, click the square Fill icon to activate the fill and change the color using the Swatches or Colors panel.

N Stroke To specify the stroke color of a selected object, click the Stroke icon to activate the stroke and change the color using the Swatches or Colors panel.

Screen Mode Tools N Click here or press the F key on your keyboard to toggle between three different screen modes for the workspace:. N Normal Screen Mode Shows full screen with application bar, document groups bar, artboard, rulers, Tools panel, and panels.

N Full Screen Mode Shows expanded artboard with rulers. All other workspace features are hidden. To get out of this mode, press the F key on your keyboard. Use these shortcuts at any time to access tools and features without using your mouse. To create a custom keyboard shortcut, perform the following steps: 1. Select Edit Keyboard Shortcuts to open the keyboard shortcut dialog box. Click the Save button to create a duplicate copy of the Illustrator Defaults keyboard shortcuts with your own name in order to preserve the original and keep your shortcuts separate.

You will now see this new name displaying the Set menu at the top of the dialog box. Select Tools or Menu Commands from the dropdown menu below the Set menu to see a listing of the existing tool or menu command keyboard shortcuts at the bottom of the dialog box. If the shortcut is already taken by another tool or menu command, an alert message will display in the bottom of the dialog box.

If this occurs, try a different keyboard shortcut. If the shortcut is available, the field will accept your input. Repeat steps 4 through 6 to create additional custom shortcuts.

Click the OK button to close the window and begin using the new shortcuts. In addition to these, Illustrator allows you to either work with existing presets for creating transparencies, tracings, prints, PDFs, and SWFs, or create your own custom presets for each of these, which can then be loaded into the application when working on specific projects.

Preferences To access the Preferences dialog box, seen in Figure , select Edit Preferences Win or Illustrator General Preferences Mac and then choose one of the options from the flyout menu. Once open, you can scroll through the different screens using the Previous and Next buttons to make adjustments to the different settings. Presets The Edit menu contains a list of preset options that refer to the default settings Illustrator will use when creating flattened transparencies, making image tracings, printing, creating PDFs, and exporting SWF files.

By default, three resolutions are available: High, Medium, and Low. Use High for all your press outputs and high-quality proofs; Medium for onscreen proofs and files printing to PostScript color printers; and Low for publishing web files, exporting to SVG, or files to be output on black-and-white desktop printers.

When using the Live Trace tool to trace placed artwork, the tracing presets can be selected to determine how different types of artwork should be traced. You can modify these presets and create your own through the Tracing Presets dialog box.

Print Presets When printing, you can create on-the-fly printing output settings through the File Print dialog box, or you can create and use custom Print Presets, or output settings, to match jobs to specific printers. Edit these files through the Print Presets dialog box. Preset options include Flash Player Version, type of export, curve quality, frame rate, and more. Undoing and Automation One of the greatest things about Illustrator is the ability to undo and redo steps in your work.

Illustrator supports unlimited undos, giving you the flexibility you need to try things out, change your mind, and make corrections as you go! You can also revert your file completely to its starting point and automate repetitive tasks using the Actions panel. Repeat the Undo action as many times as needed to revert your work to the desired state. Likewise, when you open a file, you start with a clean slate. The Actions Panel To help speed up the process of repetitious work, Illustrator comes with a whole library of prerecorded actions inside the Actions panel.

Simply put, an action is a series of prerecorded steps or operations—such as selecting a tool, selecting an object, transforming that object, and optimizing the file as a web graphic—that can be played back at the push of a button.

You can use the Actions panel to play existing actions, as well as record, play, edit, and delete your own actions. Actions can include stops, where you can perform specific tasks like drawing with the pencil tool , as well as modal controls for entering specific values into a dialog box during playback. To view the Actions panel, select Window Actions.

The panel, shown in Figure , contains 22 prerecorded actions inside the Default Actions folder. A folder in this panel is called. You can create your own Sets and fill them with your own custom actions. Actions displaying a dialog icon next to it in the Dialog column of the panel will automatically open dialog boxes requiring user input.

This option can be toggled on or off in this column. Creating an Action To create a custom action, perform the following sample steps: 1. Click the Create New Set button to create a new folder for all your custom actions. With the new Set folder selected, click the Create New Action button. In the New Action dialog box, enter a name for your action, and if desired, assign a function key and highlight color.

Then, click Record. Select the object s on your artboard and perform the action s. When finished, click the Stop button to stop the recording. In fact, one of the things that makes this tool so powerful is that it pulls its online help files from community-generated del.

To open the panel, select Window Adobe Labs knowhow. The panel, shown in Figure , lets you get quick access to online information about a selected tool or search term. Note: You must have a live Internet connection for this feature to work. Deleting an Action To delete an entire action, a step within an action, or even an entire Set folder , drag and drop the action, step, or Set into the Delete Selection trash icon at the bottom of the panel. It can either be a blank file set up for a print, mobile, video, or web project, or you can start with one of the many free Illustrator template files provided by Adobe.

Setting up the file properly before you begin will help you avoid some common output mistakes. To change the document settings after you start working, select File Document Setup. N Name Enter a name for your document here. Use each profile as is, or as a starting point for creating a custom document profile. Choose the Browse option to select and use your own custom and third-party profiles.

N Number of Artboards Create files with multiple artboards by entering a number other than 1 in the Number Of Artboards field. Spacing and Rows fields will then become active, as well as the buttons to specify grid flow and layout orientation. N Units Choose a unit of measure for your file and the document rulers. Options include points, picas, inches, centimeters, millimeters, or pixels.

N Bleed The default Bleed options are typically set to zero, which is fine for most situations. The typical setting is a minimum of 0. Projects with bleeds are printed on oversized paper and then trimmed down. When set, bleed guidelines appear outside the edges of the artboard as an aid during layout. N Raster Effects Raster Effects are special bitmap effects like a drop shadow that are drawn with pixels instead of vectors. Select High ppi for all your Print projects, Medium ppi for your onscreen projects, and Low 72 ppi for your Web, Mobile and Devices, and Video and Film projects.

N Transparency Grid This option appears when the Video and Film profile is selected so you can create work on a transparent background. You may access these options through the View menu. Choose Default to see your work as vectors in full color.

Select Pixel to see your work as it would appear if the art was converted from vector to rasterized pixelated art. Select Overprint to preview your work onscreen to see roughly how transparency, blending, and overprinting will look in colorseparated output.

This feature is not compatible with PDFs. Click it to launch Device Central to preview your file in a variety of simulated mobile devices. The template itself remains intact no matter how many times you open instances of it.

To open and begin using a template, open one of the themed folders, select the desired file from the listing, and click the New button. Once the file is open, be sure to save the file using the File Save command. All you have to do is set up a file the way you like it—including customized settings such as swatches, brushes, rulers, grids, guides, and magnification level—and then save it as a template by selecting File Save As Template.

However, you can still modify the number of artboards in your file after the file is already open. When creating multiple artboards by hand, as described in the following, keep in mind that as you create each new artboard, an artboard order number is automatically assigned to it. The number displays in the top left corner of the artboards when the Artboard tool is selected.

Figure shows an example of a file with three artboards when the Artboard tool is selected. To set up or change the number of artboards in your open document, follow these steps: 1. Select the Artboard tool at the bottom of the Tools panel. Once the tool is selected, the main artboard in your file becomes active.

When the cursor turns into a double-sided arrow, click and drag to adjust the size. To add another artboard, click and drag in the workspace to draw a new artboard shape. Repeat steps 3 and 4 to add new artboards and reposition artboards in your layout. You may also delete an artboard, whether selected or not, by clicking its close box. Select the Artboard tool from the Tools panel. Use the Artboard tools and settings on the Control panel, seen in Figure , to adjust the attributes of the selected artboard:.

N New Artboard Click this button to add a new artboard to the center of your layout. You can then click and drag the new artboard to another location. N Display Options Menu Each artboard can have the following features turned on or off with these toggle buttons. The icon of the last selected menu item will display to the left of the menu. N Show Cross Hairs Click here to add green cross hair guides representing the horizontal and vertical center of the artboard.

With multiple artboard files, the artboards will print as separate pages in the order they were created regardless of their placement on the artboard unless you specify that some of the artboards print while others do not.

Since the size of the overscan varies from TV to TV, use a video safe area as a guide for content placement to ensure your text and graphics will fall within the action safe area of the TV screen. You can also launch it by double-clicking the Artboard tool in the Tools panel. N File Save This opens the Save As dialog box, inside which you can choose a location for the saved file, type in a File name, select a file type from the Save As Type dropdown menu, and save your file.

If the file has already been saved, the Save command will update the existing file with any recent changes. N File Save As Similar to File Save in that you will be confronted with a Save As dialog box, but your original file is closed and the Save As file becomes the opened active document in the Illustrator workspace.

N File Save A Copy This option saves a copy of the open file in your desired location with your desired file name, while leaving the original file opened. Native File Formats You should typically consider four file formats when saving your files. Also supported by some desktop publishing and drawing applications. These files support documents containing bitmap and vector graphics, text, and fonts. The EPS format is a generic vector format and the option of choice if you plan to place the file into nonAdobe programs such as Microsoft Office programs or QuarkXPress.

SVG Use this high-quality vector format when creating web graphics and art for interactive web files, such as Flash animations. After saving in one of these formats, you can safely export or create a copy of the file in any of the supported non-native file formats, as described next. All this is done through the Illustrator Options dialog box, shown in Figure , which opens immediately after you save your file with a filename and an AI file type.

Exporting Files When you need a copy of a native Illustrator file in a non-native format, use the File Export command. The dropdown menu in the Export dialog box lists all the supported file types. Opening Files Illustrator lets you open existing Illustrator files as well as files created with other programs. You can open a file in four different ways:. Placing Artwork Placing importing artwork from another file into an open Illustrator document is different from pasting copied artwork into a file.

Illustrator supports the placement of many different file types, which are visible in the Files Of Type dropdown menu in the Place dialog box. N Linked art This gives you a low-resolution view of the linked artwork and maintains a connection with the original file.

When you print the file, the linked artwork will print in full-resolution. N Embedded art This embeds a full-resolution copy of the original art into your file, which could result in a higher file size.

Placed files, whether linked or embedded, are easily identified in the Control panel when the object is selected and in the Links panel, which can be opened by selecting Window Links. Use the Links panel to view a list of all linked and embedded files and to select, update, embed, and access source artwork.

Figure shows an example of both linked and embedded art. Other icons that may appear in the panel include an exclamation, indicating the linked file needs to be updated due to changes in the original artwork , and a question mark, which indicates the linked file is either missing or has been moved and the path location to the file needs updating.

Moving Around the Workspace The following tools and panels will help you change the magnification of your page; reposition your view of the artwork when zoomed in or out; adjust the page orientation and units of measure on rulers; use grids, guides, and smart guides; and look at your work in the different preview modes.

The Zoom Tool Use the Zoom tool, which looks like a magnifying glass, to zoom in and out of your workspace. The area will zoom into view, filling the entire screen at the new magnification, as shown in Figure The zoom number displays in several places, including the Status bar, Document Title tab, and in the Info and Navigator panels.

The Hand Tool Use the Hand tool to reposition your view of the artboard by dragging the view up, down, left, or right. As you drag, the artboard within the work area shifts and will stay in the new position when you release your mouse. When you release your mouse, the cursor returns to the previous tool you were using.

The Navigator Panel The Navigator panel, shown in Figure , allows you to quickly view a thumbnail of your work and adjust the magnification. A colored box in the thumbnail view shows your location on the image. The panel also has a zoom slider, zoom buttons, and the current zoom magnification.

The Info Panel The Info panel displays information about selected objects as well as any area in the workspace directly below the position of the pointer. Rulers, Grids, Guides, and Smart Guides When opening a new document, the document rulers, guides, and grids are hidden from view.

These visual aids are a must when creating art that requires precision alignment. Each can be easily turned on and off, and customized to meet your every need. The rulers will automatically display the unit of measure selected when you created the document points, picas, inches, millimeters, centimeters, or pixels. To see special artboard rulers directly above and along the left edge of your artboard, select View Show Artboard Rulers. Guides Once your rulers are displayed, you can easily drag nonprinting vertical and horizontal guides into the page to assist you with the alignment and placement of objects and text.

To create a guide, click the inside of the top or left ruler and drag your mouse into the workspace. Drag the guide indicator into the desired position on your artboard and then release. Repeat this process to bring additional guides into the workspace as needed.

Figure shows a document with two guides in place and a third in the process of being placed. Guides can display as either lines or dots and in any color.

N To lock and unlock guides, select View Guides Lock. Snap to Grid When grids are visible, you can specify that Illustrator snaps objects to the gridlines when repositioning objects in the workspace. The grid need not be horizontal! Once you click OK to close the dialog box, the grid will display at the new angle.

So awesome! Smart Guides Smart Guides are visual aids that assist you with the creation, placement, alignment, transformation, and editing of objects. You can then drag objects to the desired position in the workspace and have them snap into place when the mouse pointer moving the object gets within 2 pixels of the anchor point.

You can actually feel the snapping occur with your mouse! The default full-color view of your page is called Preview mode. You can change this view to Outline mode so you see only the outlines, or paths, of your work without any color, gradients, or patterns applied to the fill or stroke.

To switch from Preview to Outline mode, select View Outline. To return to Preview mode, select View Preview. Figure shows an object in both Preview and Outline mode. Print Tiling Tool The Print Tiling tool, located in the flyout menu under the hand tool on the Tools panel, lets you adjust the printable area of your artboard, which by default matches the size of the artboard s minus any margins as specified by your chosen printer.

To adjust the printable area, select the Print Tiling tool and click the artboard. Any work that falls outside these printable area guides will not be printed. With multiple artboards, each artboard has its own page tiling printable area that can be adjusted with the Print Tiling tool. The Bridge can be launched from any Adobe CS software application and supports both native Adobe and nonnative file formats.

When the Bridge opens, use the Folders panel on the left side of the application to browse for and find folders and files on your computer. The Content panel in the center of the Bridge will display thumbnail views of your files inside the selected directory.

This is a wonderfully powerful program that can streamline your work process and perform tasks such as batch renaming files, let you apply star label ratings to your files, preview files in a Slide Show format, and much more.

When the page opens in your browser, click the Adobe Bridge link on the left to expand the navigation menu. Then click the Working With Adobe Bridge link to begin learning more about this useful tool. The Shape Tools Making shapes in Illustrator is incredibly easy to do! In fact, all of the shape tools work in a similar fashion, so once you learn how to use one, you can apply those same skills to the rest. The shape tools are all located in the flyout menu under the Rectangle tool. How to Do Everything: Adobe Illustrator CS4 Because Illustrator is a vector-based program, all the shapes are drawn mathematically, which means you can alter the size of them as often as you like without any loss of resolution.

You can even do things like enter the size of the shape in one unit of measure, such as inches, and have Illustrator automatically convert those units into another unit of measure, such as pixels. Once shapes are created, you can modify their strokes and fills and further transform them with the other tools. Figure shows a star can be transformed into something new. For best results, use the following guidelines when working with the shape tools:. Once the origin is set, drag in any direction to create the desired shape.

For instance, drag up or down to create a tall shape, drag to the side to create a wide shape, or drag diagonally to create a more proportioned shape. The SHIFT key also constrains the paths and objects created by the other shape, pen, and line tools by aligning them to the artboard as you drag, or by ensuring the objects conform to or degree angles. N Creating shapes with exact measurements To create shapes with precise dimensions, select the desired shape tool on the Tools panel and click once on the artboard without dragging.

You can see these anchor points and paths as blue lines and blue dots around the edges of any selected object, like the example in Figure The Rectangle Tool Use the Rectangle tool to draw rectangular and square shapes with hard-edged corners. Once you understand how to draw this shape, you can apply the same techniques for drawing shapes with the other tools. Select the Rectangle tool on the Tools panel. Click and drag your cursor diagonally on the artboard to create the desired shape.

Release your mouse to add the shape to the artboard. Since, as a result of recovery, it is sometimes possible to recover data in Adobe Acrobat format. What is the reason that the restored. You can undo this compatibility manually and reduce the size of files with Adobe Illustrator graphic projects. But this is not very convenient in subsequent work with the file of the graphic project Adobe Illustrator. Unfortunately, the repaired file is the result of a previous versions of the file.

As support explained, they did not see the new elements that I named them. It looks like Adobe Illustrator tried to save the changes, but could not and simply broke the file. The once previously saved work file began to open slowly due to its large size. Adobe still cannot fix this error when the file grows due to different properties of the elements. Have to resort to a fix to clean up the garbage in the. It is advisable to install the latest version of Adobe Illustrator.

I ran into a problem when my computer was infected with a virus that corrupts all files. Technical support asked to update Illustrator to a more recent version, since they already had my file open. If you are using an old version of AI, then it is advisable to update it. Fixed a bug in the file “Unknown file format” Adobe Illustrator. By the way, to get the rest of the drawing, you do not need to use Adobe Acrobat, you can import ALL pages of the.

PDF file into Illustrator. At the first stage of the program, I indicated the path to the damaged file. At the second stage, the recovery process began.

At the third stage, I saved the corrected file. You make a program so convenient that even I figured it out. Alexandra is 54 years old. If your drawing grows into a huge drawing that weighs more than MB, then soon you will receive an error: “unreadable format” when you opens the.

I expected the file to be corrupted, but forgot to make a backup for the last changes. As a result, today I received my “surprise”, the file was damaged.

I have fixed the file before, but today I encountered the fact that the repaired file was split into.


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Shift-click on disabled mask thumbnail. Adding Anchor Points To add anchor points on paths that need to be curvier or longer than originally drawn, select the path, choose the Add Anchor Point tool, and click in the desired spot along the path. When the flyout menu appears, select any of the other tools by releasing your mouse when your cursor is floating above the desired tool.

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